Photo Gallery



Copper-throated Sunbird (Leptocoma calcostetha)

12·2–13 cm. Male has top of head metallic green, sides of head, hindneck, upper back, wing and tail black, lower back, rump and upperwing-coverts green, and obviously copper-red throat. Female has greyish head, white throat and white outer tail tip. Utters both a high trill, and a deep melodious trill. This species inhabits mangroves, heath forest, ­alluvial forest, and secondary forest. It feeds on nectar of Bruguiera trees and small arthropods. It is always seen actively foraging in lower and middle storeys.
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Hooded Pitta (Pitta sordida)

16–19 cm; 42–80·4 g. Head, including chin and throat black, crown and nape brown, upperparts dark green. Call somewhat variable “whep-whep”, “whew-whew” or squeky “skyew” when alarmed. It occupies a wide range of habitats including all types of forest, but often seen in primary riverine forest. Their diets consist of insects including beetles (Coleoptera), ants, termites (Isoptera), Orthoptera, cockroaches (Blattodea), bugs (Hemiptera), and variety of larvae;
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Pygmy Cupwing (Pnoepyga pusilla)

7·5–9 cm; 11–15 g. Tiny, almost tailless olive-backed babbler with pale scaling below. Song is unmistakable, very high-pitched, well-spaced, piercing “ti-tu” or “ti-ti-tu”. It prefers the understorey of broadleaf evergreen forest, densely vegetated forest ravines and mossy habitat. This tiny bird forages on the ground to catch ants (Formicidae) and other small insects as well as spiders (Araneae), snails and grubs.
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Grey-headed Canary Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis)


12–13 cm; 6–9 g. Small to medium-sized, slender, upright forest flycatcher with crested head shape. It has grey head to nape, side of neck and upper breast and bright yellow underparts. Noisy and vocal throughout the year. Song is a loud and squeaky, high-pitched “wittu-wittu-wit”; “chuit-it-ui” or “witti-wuti”.  It prefers mature and secondary dry broadleaved forests and woodlands. Major diet includes gnats and mosquitoes (Culicidae), other dipteran flies, also beetles (Coleoptera), wasps (Hymenoptera), moths (Lepidoptera)

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Gould’s Frogmouth (Batrachostomus stellatus)


21–25 cm; 47–48·5 g. Occurs in two colour morphs. Adult has narrow whitish collar across mantle, bold whitish spots on wing-coverts and scaled underparts.
Song is an eerie “wooah-weo”, with first note drawn-out and second descending.
Found in the dense forest, sometimes secondary forest and prefers lower storey.
Diet known to include Orthoptera such as grasshoppers and crickets, and also moths (Lepidoptera) and beetles (Coleoptera).
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Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis)


25–29 cm; 130–236 g. Small and dumpy, the rump often appearing very fluffy. During breeding, blackish-brown cap down to just behind eye and to chin, yellow eyes and dark bill with prominent yellowish gape.
Loud, fast trill given by both sexes.
Found in a wide range of wetlands, normally small and shallow, including small lakes, ponds, and canals.
Mainly insects and larvae feeder, consisting of mayflies (Ephemeroptera), stoneflies (Plecoptera), various water bugs (Heteroptera), beetles (Coleoptera) and others.
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Chestnut-naped Forktail (Enicurus ruficapillus)


18–20 cm; 27 g. Long, deeply forked but evenly graduated tail with white tips, two outer feathers entirely white. Male has rich chestnut crown to nape while female has chestnut crown, nape and back. Both has scaled white breast.
Call, in low flight, a penetrating whistle or three loud whistles with middle note higher.
Found along small clear shady rivers, streams and waterfalls in the forest.
Diets consist of terrestrial invertebrates including beetles, larvae, ants and other insects.
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Blue-winged Leafbird (Chloropsis moluccensis)


15·8–17·7 cm; male 20–28·5 g, female 19–25 g. Male has black mask from lores to throat.
Song of various musical, liquid notes “pli-pli-chu-chu” and “chi-chi-pli-i”.
It usually stays high in the canopy and edge of forests.
Varied diet which includes arthropods, fruits, probably also nectar.
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Rufous-collared Kingfisher (Actenoides concretus)


23–25 cm; male 62–89 g, female 60–90 g. Solid, medium-sized kingfisher. Male nominate race green cap, light blue hindcrown, black eyeband and rufous collar and breast. Female has buffy speckled coverts. Call soft to loud, rising, repeated whistle, “kwee-i”, at rate of 1 per second.
It inhabits Evergreen to semi-evergreen dense lowland forest, also forest regenerated to closed-canopy stage, near water, up to 1,200m asl. Among its main diet includes invertebrates such as Isopoda, cicadas (Cicadidae), longicorn beetles (Cerambycidae), mantises (Mantodea), spiders, and scorpions.
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Rhinoceros Hornbill (Buceros rhinoceros)


80–90 cm; male 2465–2960 g, female 2040–2330 g. Large mainly black hornbill with white thighs and vent, black band across white tail; bill mostly pale yellowish to whitish while its upward curved casque is red and yellow. Male has reddish eyes with black eyering while female has whitish eyes with red eyering.
A series of short, explosive, resonant “rroh” calls. Pairs also call antiphonally or simultaneously when flying with a loud ger-ronk.
Usually found in pairs in extensive areas of primary evergreen forest, extending into tall secondary forest.
Feeds mainly on fruits, especially figs, but also various lipid-rich capsules and drupes; in addition, eats any small animals it can catch.
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Bornean Bristlehead (Pityriasis gymnocephala)


22–26 cm; 115–150 g. Heavy-bodied passerine with massive hooked bill and short tail, giving top-heavy appearance, and long powerful wings. Male has unfeathered heads.

Calls frequently, with variety of snorts and whistles.

Forest. Often said to favour peatswamp-forest, but is probably most commonly associated with lowland and hill primary forests.

Major food items include katydids (Tettigoniidae), cicadas (Cicadoidea), stick-insects (Phasmida), beetles (Coleoptera), caterpillars etc..

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Malay Partridge (Arborophila campbelli)


Other common names: Malaysian Partridge, Malaysian Hill-partridge, Campbell’s Hill-partridge

Taxonomy: Arboroicola campbelli borders of Perak and Penang, Malay Peninsula.

Until recently considered conspecific with A. rolliA. sumatrana and A. orientalis (which see). Sometimes also considered conspecific with A. javanicaand A. brunneopectus, but morphological similarities normally attributed to convergent evolution. Monotypic.

Distribution: Mountains of Peninsular Malaysia.

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Orange-backed Woodpecker (Chrysocolaptes validus)


Description: 30 cm; 155–185 g. Male has red forehead, crown and short crest bordered pale orange, orange-brown side of head, darker and browner towards rear; chin and malar area.

Voice: Various loud, ringing calls, e.g. “pit”, singly or in loose irregular series.

Habitat: Primary or secondary evergreen rainforest, coastal vegetation, mature plantations.

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Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum cruentatum)


Description: 7–9 cm; male 5·5–8 g, one female 6 g. Male nominate race has crown to back and rump deep red, side of head black, upperwing and tail glossy blue-black.

Voice: Call “chip-chip”, sometimes repeated; also a loud, staccato, clicking “tchik-tchik”..

Habitat: Variety of forest types, including mangroves, heath forest and alluvial forest, regenerating forest…

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Red-crowned Barbet (Psilopogon rafflesii)


Description: 26 cm; 99–150 g. Large, chunky green barbet. Both sexes have red crown, red spot below eye, red mark on side of neck, black and yellow face, as well as blue throat..

Voice: Song starts with low “took” notes at 1 per second, leading to “tuk” notes.

Habitat: Inhabits primary forest, as well as old second-growth forest

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Blue-winged Pitta (Pitta moluccensis)


Description: 18–20 cm; 54–146 g. Adult has blackish head with broad buffy brown sides of crown and buffy supercilium; upperparts dark green, rump turquoise-blue, tail black.

Voice: Loud clear “taew-laew”, second note stressed, usually doubled as “taelaew-taelaew.

Habitat: Found in variety of habitats, from moist or dry primary forest with dense or sparse undergrowth.

Diet includes many kinds of insects etc.

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Black-backed (Oriental) Kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca)


Description: 12·5–14 cm; male 14–21·5 g, female 14–16 g. Both sexes of nominate race have black spot on forehead, blue and white patch on side of neck.

Voice: High-pitched “tsriet-tsriet” or soft “tjie-tjie-tjie” in flight.

Habitat: Deciduous and evergreen primary and secondary forest, alluvial forest, mangroves, overgrown rubber estates.

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Brown-throated Sunbird (Anthreptes rhodolaemus)


Description: 12 cm; male 11·2 g, female 11·6 g. Male has crown to mantle dark metallic green, maroon band across upper back, rest of back, rump and uppertail-coverts violet.

Voice: Various chirps and metallic trills; song a high “sit-sit-sit-see”.

Habitat: Various forest types, including peatswamp-forest, secondary growth, plantations, clearings and etc

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Oriental Dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis)


Description: t27–32 cm; male 109–175 g and female 117–186 g (orientalispacificussolomonensis), male 165–214 g and female 164–..

Voice: Typically rather silent. Commonest call is a repeated short, hoarse, rasping “rak” or “chak”.

Habitat: Mainly woodland, including canopy and margins of primary lowland rainforest, riparian wood, etc

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Fluffy-backed Tit-babbler (Macronus ptilosus)


Description: 16·5–17 cm; 18–34 g. Dark rich brown babbler with chestnut crown and black throat; elongate plumes of lower back and rump usually unapparent.

Voice: Song a repeated, rather low, long, liquid “puh puh-puh-puh” or slower “wuh wu-hu”.

Habitat: Undergrowth of secondary and selectively logged forest, forest edge, dense secondary growth, growth etc